Record Series
Highway Series
(1828-1968)

5.8 c.f.

The Highway Series documents the development of the road and highway system in the Town of Hempstead. The Series is divided into six sub-series:

Sub-Series 1: Road Dedications - Section 171, Article 8, II. Dedication - Generally 51. (pp. 14-15) - Public highways may be created four ways: (1) By proceedings under statute, (2) by prescription, or where land is used for the public for a highway for twenty years, with the knowledge, but without the consent, of the owner, (3) by dedication through offer and implied acceptance, or where the owner throws open his land intending to dedicate it for a highway, and the public use it for such a length of time that they would be seriously inconvenienced by an interruption of the enjoyment (...), and (4) by dedication and actual acceptance, or where the owner throws open his land and by acts or words invites acceptance of the same for a highway, and the public authorities, in charge of the subject, formally or in terms accept it as a highway. McKinney's Consolidated Laws of New York - Annotated - Book 24 - Highway Law Section 170 to End, 1979.

Sub-Series 2: Road Acceptances - Section 171, Article 8, III. Acceptance - Necessity 101. (pp. 21-22) - To constitute a public highway by dedication there must not only be an absolute dedication, a setting apart and surrendering to public use of the land by proprietor, but there must be an acceptance and a formal opening by the proper authorities or a user. McKinney's Consolidated Laws of New York - Annotated - Book 24 - Highway Law Section 170 to End, 1979.

Sub-Series 3: Road Closings (discontinuance/abandonment) - Section 207, Article 8. Discontinuance of Highway (pp.97-98) - "Whenever the town superintendent of any town shall determine that any portion of any highway or street, not within the limits of an incorporated village, which is the terminus of such street or highway, is unnecessary for highway purposes, and said town superintendent may, by an order to be duly entered in the town clerk's office, direct such highway to be discontinued and abandoned for public purposes. McKinney's Consolidated Laws of New York - Annotated - Book 24 - Highway Law Section 170 to End, 1979. -- Section 205. Article 8. Highway Abandoned (p. 79-80) - Every highway that shall not have been opened and worked within six years from the time it shall have been dedicated to the use of the public, or laid out, shall cease to be a highway;..." McKinney's Consolidated Laws of New York - Annotated - Book 24 - Highway Law Section 170 to End, 1979.

Sub-Series 4: Topical Road Divisions: General Highway; Railroad; Snow Removal; Finnican Case [illegal tree removal]; Bridges/Trestles; Repairs/Maintenance - Streets; Repairs/Maintenance - Bridges; Overseer of Highways; Improvements - Roads; Funding/Taxes/Appropriations; Utilities; Sidewalks; and New York State.

Sub-Series 5: Highway Bonds

Sub-Series 6: Highway Commissioners

See Also

Town Records Highways 1795-1850 - His Mark [SIC: Ear Marks] 1785-1861, pp. 21-161.

Town Records Vol. 6 1784-1862 - Highway records are indexed alphabetically, at the back of the volume, under H. (approximately 150+ records).

Town Records/Outside Records - Most Volumes - Check Indexes under Highway, Highway Commissioners, Roads, Improvements, and Specific Street Names

Highway Records - Chronological listing of highway related matters - Alphabetical index, major categories: specific street names, bonds, contracts, communications, consent & approval, deeds, determination & agreement; deeds of dedication, highway agreements, inventories, laying out of roads, petitions, release of streets, and resolutions.
Vol. 2 - 1894-1908
Vol. 4 - 1908-1920
Vol. 5 - 1920-1921
Vol. 6 - 1921-1923
Vol. 7 - 1923-1926
Vol. 8 - 1927-1930
Index - 1927-1930